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Hydroponic Farming

Hydroponics is a plant cultivation technique in nutrient-enriched water, with or without
the help of an inert medium such as soil, gravel, or sand. Hydroponic farming is also
known as aquaculture, nutriculture, soilless culture, or tank farming. The fertilizers used
in hydroponics come from fish or duck manure and synthetic fertilizers. These are pumped
in the farming tank periodically and changes in concentration depend on the type of plant
that is growing and other factors such as temperature and light. Tomatoes, cucumbers,
strawberries, cannabis, and lettuces are grown using this technique.


Why Hydroponics

Hydroponic farming is a revolutionary step in the history of farming. Using this technique
is helpful for these reasons:

Climate change is a greater flux nowadays. Using hydroponics, food can grow
anywhere; such as jungles, deserts, mountains and within the community.

Using hydroponics lead to better yields of plants. This is due to improved and targeted
nutrients, and an improved environment for plants to thrive.

The hydroponic technique uses fewer resources as compared to natural systems.
This is because the nutrients required by the plants are recycled and reused.

Plants growing in hydroponic systems are easy to monitor. The external factors such
as light, temperature, nutrients, and water supply can be easily controlled.

Techniques Used in Hydroponics

There are six basic techniques used in hydroponic farming. These are:

Wick System

The wick system is inexpensive and simple to set up. It does not need an
intricate drainage system or pumps.

One or several wicks draw nutrients from the tank into a sterile medium such
as rockwool or perlite.

Plants take nutrients directly from the medium.

The wick system is the best for small setups such as kitchen gardens.

This system grows plants on a smaller scale and is not scaled for large areas


Drip System

The drip system is ideal to use for larger plants such as tomatoes,
which have longer growth cycles.

This system needs a system of hoses and drip lines to supply nutrients
to each plant.

For the prevention of clogged lines, every plant should be deeply rooted
in the medium.

The drip system is costly, difficult to maintain, and can leak in drip lines.

The drip system is also difficult to clean and time-consuming due to
its intricate design.

Ebb and Flow

A timed pump is needed for regular flooding and drainage of water on the growing table.

Flooding keeps the roots moist, and drainage ensures proper oxygen supply to the plants.

Ebb and flow systems are easy to maintain, relatively inexpensive, and practical for
greenhouse settings.

The growing table needs to be solid and sturdy.

The ebb and flow system is not attractive and pretty like other systems.

Nutrient Film Technique

The nutrient film technique (NFT) is well suited for greenhouse and larger operations.

No timers and drip lines are required for the NFT system.

The plants are suspended in plastic baskets or on large trays and tubes along with rockwool.

The nutrients are carried to the roots through the tubes and drained back into the reservoir.

The NFT system has an advantage over other systems because there is no leakage.

Individual plants can be checked and removed easily without disturbing the whole system.

System failure and power interruption can cause problems in the nutrient film techniques.

These interruptions can cause rapid drying and the dying of plants.

Water Culture

The water culture technique is best to use for smaller and water-loving plants such as
lettuce and spinach.

This technique is used for quick-growing plants rather than large and long-lived plants.

A styrofoam tray or similar material is used in this technique which keeps floating on
the reservoir.

Aeroponics Systems

The plants in the aeroponics system are embedded in little or no medium at all.

The nutrients and water are continuously sprayed on the plants for better uptake.

The aeroponics technique is highly expensive.

Several small parts must be purchased, cleaned, and maintained.

Aeroponics techniques give the best result of all others.



Trends in Hydroponic Farming

Hydroponic farming is shaping the future. Some of the new trends of hydroponic farming
that are growing around us are:

Hydroponic farming is setting new roots in home decoration. People are now replacing
artificial plantations with vibrant and fresh plants.

Hydroponics uses fewer synthetic chemicals, thus promoting sustainable and chemical-free
food for people.

Hydroponics have higher crop yields in less space.

Hydroponic techniques have less runoff means less water and fertilizers are required.

This technique is cost-reducing and negates the environmental impacts.

Using hydroponics, many companies and grocery stores produce their own greens on
rooftops making people eligible to grow their own food easily.

Future of Hydroponic Industry

The global market of hydroponics was at a value of around USD 10.2 billion in 2020.
The forecast period of 2022-2027 shows that the hydroponics market will continue to
grow at a CAGR of 11.3% and will attain a value of around USD 19.50 billion by 2026.
The hydroponic industry is the future, and it is increasing day by day. Overpopulation,
water, and land scarcity is urging people to find better and more sustainable ways for
food production. Therefore, hydroponics is very sustainable and an ideal option to thrive.
Many companies contribute and Bee Valve Inc. produces a wide range of valves, hoses,
gaskets, and many more to facilitate the hydroponic industry.






Schedule 80 Poly Pipe Fittings Are Available from Bee Valve

Bee Valve Inc. offers a full line of Schedule 80 pipe fittings. These fittings are produced from glass-reinforced polypropylene for strength and durability. Polypropylene is the lightest of the thermoplastics. It has good resistance to most acids and is also a non-conductor of electricity.

Bee Valve's Schedule 80 fittings are available in sizes from 3/8" to 3". Fitting configurations include tees, elbows, crosses, nipples, bushings, couplings, caps and plugs. A complete line of hose, tube, pipe and nozzle fittings in a variety of materials are also available.




A Pressure Gauge Line is Available from Bee Valve

Bee Valve Inc. proudly announces the availability of its pressure gauge line. Bee Valve gauges are designed for use with gas, oil, water, and any other medium not corrosive to brass or bronze. Also available is a gauge line specifically designed for agricultural anhydrous ammonia applications.

Gauge options available include single and dual scale, bottom and back mount, dry filled or glycerin filled, pressures up to 5,000 PSI. A vacuum gauge model is also available. Face sizes range from 1.5" to 4".



Bee Valve Inc. Offers Replacement Screens For All Its In-Line Strainers

T-line strainer screens are available with 20, 40, and 80 mesh 304 SS screens.

Screens for the standard Y-strainers are available in mesh sizes of 12, 20, 40, and 80, full 304 SS construction. A 316 SS, 12-mesh screen, is available for the 1-1/2" and 2" strainers. Also available are 20, 50, 80 and 100 mesh screens in plastic caging.

Screens for Bee Valve’s heavy-duty 1-1-/2” and 2” strainers are available in 14, 20, 40, 80 and 100 mesh 304 SS construction. The 3” strainer screens are available in 6, 12, 20, 40 and 80 304 SS mesh, with plastic caging.

Screens for Bee Valve’s 2" quick clean, high capacity y-strainers are offered with 6, 14, 30, 40 or 80 316 SS mesh. Screens for the 3" quick clean strainers are available in 1/16" or 1/8" perforated 316 SS.



Bee Valve Offers a Full Range of In-Line Strainers

T-line strainers are available in ½" through 1" with 20, 40, and 80 mesh 304 SS screens.

Standard Y-strainers are available in sizes from ½" through 2". Screen mesh sizes for the ½" and ¾" strainers include 20, 40, 50, 80 and 100. Available screen mesh sizes for the 1" and 1-1/4" strainers include 50 and 100. The 1-1/2" and 2" strainers offer screens with 12, 20, 40, 50, 80, and 100 mesh. The standard Y-strainers utilize 304 SS as the screen material. Of special note is the 12-mesh screen is also available with a 316 SS screen.

Heavy-duty Y-strainers are available from 1-1/2" through 3", with 304 SS screens. The 1-1/2" and 2" strainers offer screens with14 20, 40, 80 and 100 mesh. The heavy-duty 3" strainer offers screens with 6, 12, 20, 40 and 80 mesh.

The quick clean, high capacity Y-strainers are available in 2" and 3". Screen mesh for the 2" 304 SS screens are include 6, 14, 30, 40 and 80 mesh. The 3" strainers come with either 1/16" or 1/8" perf.


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